An APA format is referred to as an author year style. When using in text citations in writing a school paper, you must use the author’s surname and the year of publications, separated by a comma, when you have borrowed or paraphrased an idea. However, if it is a direct “quotation”, you must include the page number from where you took the quote. In text citations are put in brackets and must appear every time you have used another author’s work. You must format the reference page correctly. A reference page in APA style is given a title ‘References’ and aligned at the center of the page. There are differences when referencing a book, journal article, magazine, or articles from an electronic medium. Basically, when referencing a source using APA format you must begin with the authors surname, followed by abbreviations of other names, the year of publications, the title of the book, city of publication, and the publisher. If it is a journal article, after the title of the article, write the name of the journal, volume of the article, issue number, and page numbers. The first line of each source must be indented without any extra line separating the sources.
Referencing is a fundamental component of any well researched paper. One of the referencing formats employed in is the APA format. The APA stands for American Psychological Association, a body that lays down the required regulations in the APA referencing style. Although students find referencing a daunting exercise, there is no reason why one should sweat over it. Actually, the APA format is among the easiest referencing formats in writing. The APA format employs the name-year system for referencing; there are no footnotes or endnotes. This is usually the authors surname and year of publication. In-text citations are used immediately following the borrowed information. In-text citations can either be part of a sentence for instance: Steve (2010) views the research. They can also be at the end of the sentence, for instance; the study was tested (Thomas, 2010). If two authors did the work, cite both names joined by an ampersand (&), such as (Steve & Kim, 2010). However if the citation is part of a sentence, the conjunction “and” joins the names; thus, Steve and Kim (2010) noted that. All references in the in-text should appear in the reference list. The entries should be arranged in alphabetical order. The author’s last name begins followed by the initials. Where there are two authors, use an ampersand (&). Capitalize the first word of the title or subtitle. It is also important to reference all direct quotations, ideas and interpretations of other writers or the summarized opinions of any material you have read. Many students think that referencing too much might create an impression that the paper is not their own piece of work. That is not so. In fact it is better to over document than to under document citations.